These videos were produced using realtime and sequenced manipulation of hardware video processors, including the Abekas DVEous and Dveous/MX, Ultimatte Chroma Keyer, LZX modular system and original circuit designs, Tektronix 606B XY display, a microscope with camera adapter, and direct and optical feedback techniques. The Sladazj video includes additional 3D animation in collaboration with 3Dbergsonist.